Administratively, it has been the centre of Donetsk Oblast, while historically, it is the unofficial capital and largest city of the larger economic and cultural Donets Basin (Donbas) region. Donetsk is adjacent to another major city of Makiivka and along with other surrounding cities forms a major urban sprawl and conurbation in the region. Donetsk has been a major economic, industrial and scientific centre of Ukraine with a high concentration of companies and a skilled workforce.
The Donetsk People's Republic (DPR or DNR) (Russian:Доне́цкая Наро́дная Респу́блика, tr.Donétskaya Naródnaya Respúblika;IPA:[dɐˈnʲɛtskəjə nɐˈrodnəjə rʲɪˈspublʲɪkə], Ukrainian:Донецька Народна Республіка, Donets'ka Narodna Respublika) is an unrecognized state, supported by several rebel groups based in the Donetsk oblast of Ukraine, where it controls territory. In Ukraine, it is considered to be a terrorist organisation. The Donetsk People's Republic is a self-proclaimed state whose existence is unrecognized by the international community, which receives humanitarian and military support from Russia. It was also a constituent state of the self-proclaimed confederation of Novorossiya (referencing the corresponding historical region and its name), and since February 2015 assigned itself the status of successor to the historic self-declared Donetsk–Krivoy Rog Soviet Republic. On 20 May 2015 the leadership of the Federal State of Novorossiya announced the termination of the confederation 'project'.
Russia’s expected annexation of the Russian-occupied areas of Donetsk, Luhansk, Kherson and Zaporizhzhia has been widely condemned in the West... Some military experts say Kyiv is poised to deliver another major defeat, gradually encircling the town of Lyman, Russia’s main remaining bastion in the northern part of Donetsk Province.
An Ukrainian soldier in the frontline city of Lyman, Donetsk region, Ukraine April 28, 2022 ...News of the advance in Lyman comes on the day Putin declared the annexation of the Donetsk region ... The strategic eastern city of Lyman, in the Donetsk region, was almost completely surrounded as of around 1.30 p.m.